Smart Kids, Personality Types and How They Adapt — or Not — to School

Deborah Ruf, PhD
15 min readFeb 29, 2020

Deborah L. Ruf, PhD ©2008, 2011

Personality typing has been used for years in various personal and career counseling situations because it helps people to understand their own motivations and needs compared to those of others with whom they live and work. An excellent paper by Piirto (1998) summarizes personality type studies of gifted children…

Deborah Ruf, PhD

High Intelligence Specialist & Writer, Dr. Ruf writes about highly intelligent people from birth to very old age.